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Samantha Noble

The New gTLD Programme from ICANN

12th Apr 2011 News, Industry News, Brand, Reputation Management 4 minutes to read

Last week I attended the Spring Symposium with MarkMonitor at the Museum of London, where the main topic of discussion is brands and how to protect your brand online.

Some very interesting presentations and a lot of the information was new to me, having not worked directly on a site that would suffer with counterfeit products being sold on domains pretending to be the actual brand.

What I want to discuss in my post here though is one area that really caught my attention; the expansion of new Generic Top Level Domains (gTLDs). gTLDs will allow companies to turn their brands into domains (.brand/company name). They will also allow companies to create broad product groups like .finance, .bank or .shop.

The internet industry are calling gTLDs ‘dotBrand’ and are set to fundamentally change the internet and how websites do business online.

ICANN (The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) announced on 18th March that their intention is to approve and finalise the new gTLD programme on 20th June in Singapore. Once finalised, companies can then start the lengthy task of applying for a gTLD.

Let me put this into simple context for you:

If a company is successful in their application (and have paid ICANN a very hefty six figure sum) then their company name will be their domain. Anything before the .BRAND can be changed to suit/match business needs and requirements.

Some examples

  • www.paymonthly.vodafone or www.shop.vodafone
  • www.mortgages.hsbc or www.onlinebanking.hsbc
  • www.shop.cadburys or www.dairymilk.cadburys

Apparently, ICANN will only be releasing around 500 of these gTLDs in the first wave and as I mentioned above, the cost to any business wanting to aquire a gTLD is going to cost them a lot of money. Companies can only apply for a gTLD if they have that domain trademarked.

As these are generic domains and are not country specific, businesses that only have their brand trademarked in their home country may have problems if there is another company in the world with the same brand name trademarked in that country.

Companies are being very secretive about whether or not they will be applying for a gTLD, with many concerned that their competition will follow suit. If for example, Vodafone apply for a gTLD and are accepted but O2 or Orange do not, O2 and Orange will have given Vodafone a big edge separating themselves from the other brands.

My opinion is that if the first wave of gTLDs are successful and businesses do apply, then ICANN will release a second wave, then a third and forth and so on. This then gives competitors who may not have applied first time round a chance in the additional launches. ICANN have not communicated that this is what will happen, purely my view on it, so watch this space!

There was a lot of talk at the seminar around the opportunities and the the risks to a brand if this does go ahead and I am going to try and summarise these discussions here.


Enhance Customer Trust

  • Owning a domain highlights to a potential customer that you are who you say you are
  • Take the brand ‘ghd’ as an example. There are tens of thousands of counterfeit sites out there and they only actually have eight approved retailers. Being able to own their brand would significantly reduce the amount of counterfeit products being sold online


  • Businesses will have full control over their domain
  • Anything to the left of the .BRAND belongs to the business and can be populated with anything


  • Will have the flexibility of changing domain URLs to incorporate whatever message you want to give
  • www.shop.virgin, www.myaccount.virgin, www.broadband.virgin etc


  • Build a domain that will stick in customers minds. They don’t need to remember the URL, only your brand name


  • Gives you the ability to lock out fraudsters and cyber squatters as you own the name


  • Great way of communicating your brand to customers
  • Memorable across every country



  • More confusion for internet users who will need to adapt to using a new domain after getting used to country specific domains

Monitoring Abuse

  • More URLs will mean that monitoring brand abuse will become much harder
  • Wider searches plus higher volumes and costs


  • There will be more actors to manage in terms of registries and registrars
  • Additional WHOIS inaccuracies to add to what is already there
  • More opportunity for piracy and proxies

In summary, I can see the benefits of having a gTLD for your brand, but it’s still difficult to see whether this justifies the cost. This programme is only in reach of the big brands and smaller brands will not get a look in for the foreseeable future unless the costs are dropped significantly.

It will be interesting to watch from the outside and see what the big brands do decide to do and how it will effect their marketing strategies into 2012.

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Samantha Noble

Sam is a talented multi-tasker, a dedicated mother to the gorgeous Theo and a big fan of cooking – word on the street is that she’s pretty good in the kitchen but we’re yet to know if this is true or not. Hint hint, we like cake, Sam.


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